Protein supplements are among the most important dietary supplements in sports nutrition. People who are involved in athletics or bodybuilding, or simply need or want to improve their physical aesthetics may opt for protein based dietary supplements. Protein supplements typically form a vital aspect in any quality meal replacement program, weight loss system involving diet and exercise, or a muscle building agenda. Protein supplements may be sold as single ingredient preparation or in combination with other products or blends to provide synergistic value. The type, quantity, and frequency of such supplements vary from one individual to another, depending on the specific physical goals of the individual. For instance, the goals and methods of an athlete will differ from the goals of an average individual looking for an improved physique. Protein in Powdered Form Powdered protein supplements are among the most common forms of a protein diet. The powder may be mixed with juice, milk, or water. The powder is usually consumed immediately prior to and following an exercise session. In case of people looking to shed excess weight, the supplement is used effectively to replace a meal. Some powdered protein supplements may be taken just before going to bed. The concept behind such supplementation is that a higher than average protein intake will support optimal muscle growth without adding extra calories. In addition to powdered form of supplements, protein diet also comes in the form of bars, shakes, oats, bites, and gels. The supplements usually come in multiple flavors to make them more palatable. Types of Dietary Proteins The whey protein is one of the most critical forms of proteins, which helps to improve your body shape and health. This protein is derived from the process of producing cheese from milk. It contains a high level of branched chain amino acids and essential amino acids. This type of protein also contains the highest levels of cysteine; an amino acid that supports biosynthesis in glutathione. The whey protein helps muscles recover faster for those folks who are adhering to a diet and exercise regimen to lose weight, and also for athletes and bodybuilders. Soy protein is found in soybeans. It contains isoflavones, which are an essential phytoestrogen for muscle building and fitness. Those who need a lactose and dairy-free protein due to any allergy problems can select an egg-white protein. A highly digestible protein is found in hemp seed, which has a high content of essential fatty acids. Rice protein made from whole grain is a comprehensive protein source, which is also highly digestible and free of allergens. Amount of Protein Intake It is largely established through various scientific research studies that protein supplements can help enhance muscularity and your physique. However, the precise amount of protein to digest or take is highly individualized. It depends initially on the needs and goals of the individual and their overall purpose. Secondly, the extent of physical exercise and the type of exercise involved in the program, along with the physiological profile of the individual will determine the right amount of protein intake. The traditional theory of nutrition claims that the body cannot metabolize more than five to nine grams of protein in an hour. However, practical experience reported by thousands of athletes, bodybuilders, and other fitness followers indicates that the body can handle more protein than this idea hypothesizes. Dietary protein has a poor efficiency rate in the fat conversion process, meaning it makes it an ideal ingredient for those looking to lose weight and/or slowly obtain the body they have always wanted.